For this reason, the mere possibility of disclosure may impede development of the confidential relationship necessary for successful treatment." (Jaffe v Redmond, 1996) The changing nature of societal demands and information technologies have led many to express concerns about the traditional meaning of confidentiality in mental health practice and even whether true privacy exists any more.
Material in this online course has been adapted from Ethics in Psychology and the Mental Health Professions: Standards and Cases, published by Oxford University Press, and additional new material has been added. Koocher and Patricia Keith-Spiegel, all rights reserved.
In the words of Justice Stevens, citing the amicus briefs of the American Psychological and Psychiatric Associations: "Effective psychotherapy…depends upon an atmosphere of confidence and trust in which the patient is willing to make a frank and complete disclosure of facts, emotions, memories, and fears.
The new commissioner was charged with collection of taxes on alcohol and tobacco.
Bush was seen as the early favorite for the Republican nomination and, despite a contentious primary battle with Senator John Mc Cain and other candidates, secured the nomination by Super Tuesday.
Bush chose former Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney as his running mate, while Gore chose Senator Joe Lieberman as his.
Both major party candidates focused primarily on domestic issues, such as the budget, tax relief, and reforms for federal social insurance programs, although foreign policy was not ignored.
Clinton and Gore often did not campaign together, a deliberate decision resulting from the Lewinsky sex scandal two years prior.
This process of gathering critical incidents from the general membership, pioneered by those who developed APA's original code of ethics, may be useful in considering possible revisions of the code and preserving APA's unique approach to identifying ethical principles that address realistically the emerging dilemmas that the diverse membership confronts in the day-to-day work of psychology.